The cause of skin discolouration and dark spots is unhealthy and damaged melanocyte cells, those cells that generate melanin and give the skin the colour. If these cells are not functioning properly parts or even all of your body can become covered with unwanted dark spots and skin discolouration.
Skin pigmentation can manifest in a darkening of the skin, freckles, dark spots, age spots, sun spots, liver spots, discolouration, and melasma.
Common causes include injuries, burns, infections, inflammation, hormones and sunlight. The biggest culprit for pigmentation is sun damage. The UVA and UVB rays are a key cause of premature ageing and can lead to hyperpigmentation and sunspots. In fact, those who engage in outdoor sports such as golfers, swimmers or cyclists are more prone to the UV rays from the sun and more likely to have some form of skin pigmentation. Unwanted pigmentation can you look older and more tired.
Treatments such as medical Pico laser can help to rejuvenate skin and tone it, but also help to give your skin a clearer, fresher look.
How does the Pico Laser work？
When the laser light is being absorbed by the pigmented lesions, the light will vibrate, fragments the particles into really thin “dust” and breaks up melanin and pigment particles in “picosecond” pulses. This in turn means that the skin takes a lesser time to heat up and reduces the risk of hyper-pigmentation. The Laser pulses generate a pure photoacoustic effect which targets the pigments without affecting the surrounding tissues.
The procedure is safe, simple, comfortable and fast. The skin will be cleansed prior to the treatment and laser-protective goggles are positioned over the eyes. The laser beam will be directed towards the area of concern, heating the deeper layers of the skin.
A series of 3 to 6 treatments is usually required for the pigment to fade and lighten.
Pico skin pigmentation removal is suitable for:
- Skin Discolouration
- Age spots
- Dark Spots
- Skin lightening
Safety & Side Effects
This is a non-invasive and non-surgical treatment.
Pico Laser is safe as it works on a specific wavelength to target the pigmentation selectively, leaving the surrounding areas undamaged. The laser machine has a unique feature, having the ultrashort picosecond pulses. With the ultrashort pulse duration, the laser stimulates laser-induced optical breakdown (LIOB) of the tissues in the epidermis layer safely without heat injury to the dermis.